This module provides for user authentication using MD5 Digest Authentication.
Source File: mod_auth_digest.c
Module Identifier: digest_auth_module
Compatibility: Available in Apache 1.3.8 and later.
This is an updated version of mod_digest. However, it has not been extensively tested and is therefore marked experimental. If you use this module, you must make sure to not use mod_digest (because they share some of the same configuration directives).
Digest authentication is described in RFC 2617.
See also: Require and Satisfy.
Using MD5 Digest authentication is very simple. Simply set up authentication normally, using "AuthType Digest" and "AuthDigestFile" instead of the normal "AuthType Basic" and "AuthUserFile"; also, replace any "AuthGroupFile" with "AuthDigestGroupFile". Then add a "AuthDigestDomain" directive containing at least the root URI(s) for this protection space. Example:
<Location /private/> AuthType Digest AuthName "private area" AuthDigestDomain /private/ http://mirror.my.dom/private2/ AuthDigestFile /web/auth/.digest_pw Require valid-user </Location>
Note: Digest authentication is more secure than Basic authentication, but only works with supporting browsers. As of September 2004, major browsers that support digest authentication include Amaya, Konqueror, MS Internet Explorer for Mac OS X and Windows (although the Windows version fails when used with a query string -- see "Working with MS Internet Explorer" below for a workaround), Mozilla, Netscape 7, Opera, and Safari. lynx does not support digest authentication. Since digest authentication is not as widely implemented as basic authentication, you should use it only in environments where all users will have supporting browsers.
The AuthDigestFile directive sets the name of a textual file containing the list of users and encoded passwords for digest authentication. File-path is the absolute path to the user file.
The digest file uses a special format. Files in this format can be created using the htdigest utility found in the support/ subdirectory of the Apache distribution.
The AuthDigestGroupFile directive sets the name of a textual file containing the list of groups and their members (user names). File-path is the absolute path to the group file.
Each line of the group file contains a groupname followed by a colon, followed by the member usernames separated by spaces. Example:
Note that searching large text files is very inefficient.
mygroup: bob joe anne
Security: make sure that the AuthGroupFile is stored outside the document tree of the web-server; do not put it in the directory that it protects. Otherwise, clients will be able to download the AuthGroupFile.
The AuthDigestQop directive determines the quality-of-protection to use. auth will only do authentication (username/password); auth-int is authentication plus integrity checking (an MD5 hash of the entity is also computed and checked); none will cause the module to use the old RFC-2069 digest algorithm (which does not include integrity checking). Both auth and auth-int may be specified, in which the case the browser will choose which of these to use. none should only be used if the browser for some reason does not like the challenge it receives otherwise.
auth-int is not implemented yet.
The AuthDigestNonceLifetime directive controls how long the
server nonce is valid. When the client contacts the server
using an expired nonce the server will send back a 401 with
stale=true. If seconds is greater than 0
then it specifies the amount of time for which the nonce is
valid; this should probably never be set to less than 10
seconds. If seconds is less than 0 then the nonce
Not implemented yet.
Not implemented yet.
The AuthDigestAlgorithm directive selects the algorithm used to calculate the challenge and response hashes.
MD5-sess is not correctly implemented yet.
The AuthDigestDomain directive allows you to specify one or more URIs which are in the same protection space (i.e. use the same realm and username/password info). The specified URIs are prefixes, i.e. the client will assume that all URIs "below" these are also protected by the same username/password. The URIs may be either absolute URIs (i.e. inluding a scheme, host, port, etc) or relative URIs.
This directive should always be specified and contain at least the (set of) root URI(s) for this space. Omitting to do so will cause the client to send the Authorization header for every request sent to this server. Apart from increasing the size of the request, it may also have a detrimental effect on performance if "AuthDigestNcCheck" is on.
The URIs specified can also point to different servers, in which case clients (which understand this) will then share username/password info across multiple servers without prompting the user each time.